Various small oily forage fish species is known as sardine. It is also popular as pilchard. Sardine is the smaller fish of this species, and the older, larger ones are known s pilchards. It comes under the Clupeidae family.
Sardine is an english word that was first introduced 1st in the early 15th century. The name is based on an island that is present in Italy. Humans, seabirds, large fishes, and marine mammals consume this nutritious fish as their food.
You can consume sardines by pickling, grilling, or smoking them. You can also get it in canned form. This omega – 3 fatty acid-rich fish can live up to 13 years according to their environment. It starts reproducing at the age of 1 to 2. People who are conscious of their health should try sardine fish because it contains protein, nutrition, and omega – 3 fatty acids.
You will learn much major information about sardine fish from the article below: sardine fish in Marathi, its cost, nutritional value, sardine health benefits, popularity, availability in the local area, etc.
|English name||Sardine fish|
|Scientific name||Sardina Pilchardus|
|Common name||European Pilchard, South American Pilchard, Pacific sardine|
Sardine fish in Marathi name
Marathi people love to cook and eat sardine fish because of its mouth-watering taste. They cook it with their special spices to enhance its natural aroma. Pedvey is the Marathi name of sardine fish.
Sardine or Pedvey is a famous fish among the Marathi people, which is tasty, nutritious, and inexpensive. Mostly Marathi people are distributed in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, and Karnataka. They recognize sardine fish by different names. But most of them are aware of the name sardine. If you are in any rural area, you must use the local name.
Some Products of Sardine fish
Health benefits of sardine fish
Sardine fish can provide so many significant health benefits. Adding sardine to your regular diet provides more than enough positive effects on your body. Some of them are –
1. It has high protein content
You can get approximately 25 grams of protein from an average-sized sardine can. Sardine also contains a rich amount of calcium which is about 380 grams. 0.8 grams per kg is the protein requirement of a human body. One can fulfill its ⅓ part.
2. Sardine helps to control heart diseases
EPA, DHA, and omega-3 fatty acids are amazing sources of sardine fish. These elements play a very important role in decreasing many heart disease risks. Blood clots or narrow arteries and veins can cause heart blockage. But omega-3 fatty acids help to clear the blockage and keep the blood flowing smoothly to all the body parts. It helps to decrease the bad cholesterol level, control blood pressure, and smoothly regulate heart rate and blood vessels.
3. It helps to lead to strong immunity power and decrease inflammation
Generally, omega 3 fatty acid is helpful for good heart health. On the other hand, EPA and DHA help calm the inflammation. The problem of inflammation leads to so many serious health issues. So those who suffer from inflammation problems should consume sardines. It is a good investment to keep your body healthy. Omega 3 fatty acid helps boost immunity power by triggering the cells. Through this process, the cells heal themselves.
4. Sardine helps keep the teeth and bones healthy
If your bones are strong, you don’t have to worry about your old age. Both vitamin D and calcium help to develop bones and keep them strong. Sardine is rich in both elements, which helps to healthy and strong both the teeth and bones of the human body.
5. Sasrdine helps to reduce depression and anxiety
Sardine is a very good option to add to your diet chart. It can brighten up your life. The main source present in sardine is omega-3 fatty acids which can make your day healthy. According to many studies, a strong bond exists between good improvement in depression and omega-3 fatty acids.
6. Sardine has antioxidant properties
Selenium is a trace mineral found in many protein sources, including sardine. As per some studies, selenium is helpful in case of organ infection and damage. It works as an organ protector. Selenoproteins contain antioxidant properties, and selenium helps to create Selenoproteins. Free radicals are responsible for irreparable DNA and cells. But Selenoproteins help to neutralize free radicals. In this way, it also helps decrease the human body’s cancer risk.
7. Sardine helps to avoid diabetes
Reducing the risk of diabetes is a very important work of the sardine diet. According to the start of the study, 27% of participants are at a high risk of type-2 diabetes. They add sardines to their diet. At the end of the study, the number was reduced to 8%. A high-protein fish like a sardine can help to decrease the level of insulin resistance.
8. Sardine is helpful in better sleep
A sardine diet has a good effect on your sleep cycle. You can consume sardines as your midnight snack. The omega-3 fatty acid in a sardine can help release serotonin in your body. It leads to a nice sleep. You can reduce unhealthy midnight snacking by eating sardines and fulfilling your craving with healthy options.
9. Sardine helps to make your skin great
One of the important works of sardine is maintaining skin health in human beings. Omega 3 fatty acid content in sardine fish helps treat common skin diseases like acne and rare diseases like atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and skin ulcers. The content of chlorine present in sardine also helps to reduce firm-up and inflammation in the skin.
Side Effects of sardine fish
Sardine fish has some amount of purine in it. It becomes uric acid. Uric acid is very dangerous for people with a related kidney problem. It leads to kidney stone formation. Sardine contains a high amount of sodium, which can increase the calcium level in the urine.
The increased calcium level can also be a cause of kidney stones. So before adding sardine to your diet, consult your dietician or doctor. They can prefer the right quantity and tell you whether to eat sardines.
Always remember limited consumption any food is best for our health. Also consult or take advice from your doctor before taking any foods.
Types of sardines
There are more than 20 types of sardines available worldwide. But there are the 5 most common varieties you can see. Those are –
1. European sardines
This is also called European pilchard, which is a ray-finned fish and come under the genus Sardina. The young fishes of this species are known as sardines, found in the northeast Atlantic, the Black sea’s ten to hundred-meter depth, and the Mediterranean. 10 inches is the maximum length of these European sardines. They can feed on planktonic crustaceans.
You can find European sardines in small to medium sizes in an elongated manner. You can identify pelvic fins behind their dorsal fins. Their bellies are silverish, their backs are olive, and they have golden flanks. On their anal fin, they have two soft rays, which are larger than the rest.
People use European sardines as fishing bait, fish meals, and fertilizer. You can consume this low-cost fish in fresh, frozen, smoked, canned, dried, or salted form according to your choice.
2. South American sardine
It comes under the genus Sardinops. Its natives are the Indo-Pacific oceans and East Pacific oceans. This sardine species has so many different names in different regions. It is available all over the world.
The cylindrical and elongated body is the identifying feature of South American sardines. Its scutes are ventral, and its belly is round. This sardine species has white flanks and green and blue backs. Dark spots are in the middle of its flanks with one or two series. The average length of this sardine species is approximately 20 cm. As per a record, the maximum length recorded for this species is 39.5 inches, and the maximum weight is 486 grams.
It also mainly feeds on planktonic crustaceans. Copepods and other zooplanktons are the primary food of young South American pilchards, and the adults feed on phytoplanktons. This fish is mainly used as human food and fishmeal for commercial purposes.
3. Pacific sardines
Another famous name is California sardines. This species is tiny and has one to three dark spots on the center part of its flank. Blu and green are the colors of its back. Its flanks are white.
12 inches is its average length, and it is blessed with a fast-growing feature. Approximately 13 years is its lifespan. Its main foods are tiny animals, some plankton, and floating plants. According to the season, it can spawn multiple times. Because of its tiny size may be the food of big fishes, seabirds, and marine mammals.
Pacific sardines love to live near the seashore’s water columns and the coast’s offshore areas. They can create large and dense schools near the ocean’s surface area.
4. Japanese sardine
Commercial fishery is the main purpose of Japanese pilchard. You can find this variety in Japan’s southern island in the Pacific side area. Its main food is metazoan larvae, plankton, marine protozoans, copepods, and amphipods. It migrates to the northern end of the Tatar strait after its spawn in the winter.
It is scientifically known as Sardinella Zunasi. It is a ray-finned sardine species that comes under the family of Clupeidae. Its average length during its maturity period is around 10 cm. The cylindrical shape is its general shape, but it is not constant. Its shape varies. Japanese sardine is popular in both Japan and China.
5. Rainbow sardine
Dusumiriidae is the name of the family of this sardine species. Some other popular names are – rainbow herring, common sprat, dwarf round herring, etc., because of its pointed nose. It is also called a sharp-nosed sprat. Aquaculture and commercial fishery are the two main purposes of being used. The belly part of the rainbow sardine has iridescent blue with shiny gold or brass lines. Its tail has a broad and dark hind margin. The eye-catching body color of this fish fades in a short time after its death.
10 to 15 cm is the average length of a rainbow sardine, and its maximum length can be 20 cm. This fish has a w-shaped single pelvic scut. It has an isthmus tapering which is evenly forwarded, and anal soft fin rays, and the quantity is 15 to 18. Its natives are the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian seas.
Nutritional value of sardine fish
A 100-gram of sardine serving provides –
|Total fat Monounsaturated fat Saturated fat Polyunsaturated fat ( omega – 3, omega – 6 fatty acids )||10.45 grams 4.818 grams 2.684 grams 2.111 grams ( 1.457 grams and 0.655 grams )|
|Carbohydrates Dietary fibers Sugars||0.54 grams 0.1 grams 0.43 grams|
|Vitamins and minerals||% of the daily value|
|Vitamin A 34 micro grams||4%|
|Niacin 4.2 mg||28%|
|Thiamine 0.044 mg||4%|
|Pantothenic acid 0.73 mg||15%|
|Riboflavin 0.233 mg||19%|
|Vitamin B6 0.123 mg||9%|
|Chlorine 76 mg||16%|
|Vitamin C 1 mg||1%|
|Vitamin D 4.8 microgram||32%|
|Vitamin E 1.38 mg||9%|
|Iron 2.3 mg||18%|
|Calcium 240 mg||24%|
|Zinc 1.4 mg||15%|
|Copper 0.272 mg||14%|
|Phosphorus 366 mg||52%|
|Magnesium 34 mg||10%|
Cost of sardine fish in marathi areas
In Mumbai, the cost of 1 kg sardine is approximately Rs 120 to Rs 200. The cause of its inexpensiveness is that its demand is not great and is wild and abundant. You can buy sardines in Goa by spending around Rs 150 per kg approximately. In some places in India, you can find it for less than Rs 100 per kg.
Availabilities and popularity of sardine fish in Marathi-telling areas ( Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, etc.)
Sardines are very easy to find almost everywhere. This delicious fish is popular in Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Goa. Sardine is one of the essential Indian commercial fishes. You can find sardines in the Indian ocean’s northern regions. Its availability is easy in India.
Famous recipes of sardine fish in Marathi areas
Spiced sardine curry, grilled sardines, herb-crusted and roasted sardines, and pan-fried sardine fillets are some famous Indian sardine recipes that you should try. Tarle Ambot Tik and pedvey fish curry with Indian spices are some famous sardine recipes that are popular among Marathi people. Because of its nutritional value and mineral and vitamin content, people love to consume sardine; the top reason is its cheap pricing.
The final word
Sardine is the best example of – a small package with a big punch. It provides so many health benefits within a limited budget. You should go for sardines if you didn’t afford other nutritious fish. It contains a lot of nutrition, protein, and omega – 3 fatty acids with low-calorie content. Estimating a sardine by seeing its size is a very bad idea.
Hope you got so many informative things from the article about sardine fish, like – sardine fish in Marathi, its cost, the nutritional value of sardine, its health benefits, popularity, famous recipes, and many more.
Frequently asked questions
What are the health benefits of sardine fish?
Adding so many health benefits from sardine fish to your regular diet can benefit you. Some of them are –
1. It has a high protein content.
2. Sardine helps to make your skin great
3. It helps to lead to strong immunity power and decreases inflammation
4. Sardine helps to avoid diabetes
5. Sardine has antioxidant properties
6. Sardine helps to control heart diseases
7. Sardine helps to reduce depression and anxiety
Is there any difference between sardines and pilchards?
Both sardine and pilchard come under the same species. The Latin name of this species is Sardinus pilchards. The smaller fishes of this species are called sardines. But the older and larger ones are known as pilchards.
What is the taste of sardine fish?
Sardine fish has a little fishy smell. Its flesh is dense, oily, and meaty in texture. The canned ones are a little salty. Because at the time of packaging, some savoury salt is added.