The scientific name of peach is Prunus Persica, which comes under the class Plum. The other popular name for peach is Nectarines. The peach tree was first v cultivated and domesticated in Eastern China. China produces almost 60% of the total produced peaches in the world. The tree has edible, delicious and juicy fruits with different characteristics.
Plum fruit has yellow or white flesh and fuzzy peel. This tiny fruit is sweet. Peach is related to apricots, almonds, cherries, and plums. It originated 8,000 years ago in China. It was transplanted to Europe from Persia, known as Iran in modern times. As per its cultivation place, the name Persia refers to.
In the below article, there is a brief discussion about peach fruit, like peach fruit in Tamil, peach fruit benefits, its nutritional value, cost, etc.
|Kulipperi Maram or Pic Palam
Peach fruit in Tamil name
Kulipperi Maram or pic Plalam is the peach fruit name in Tamil. Peach fruit grows in South Indian regions on a minimal and small scale. Peach can grow in small numbers of hill stations in South India. Some variants of peach can grow in Uttar Prades and Panjab. Some can grow well in temperate and drier areas like Kashmir and Jammu. Tamil Nadu is the 7th most peach fruit producer state in India according to a study of 2021-22.
Because of the tropical climate in Kerala, it can produce peaches there. The weather and soil are suitable for peach production.
Some Products of Peach fruit
Types of peaches
There are different types of peaches available in India. All classes are not equally created. You have to choose the right one according to your need. You can find local and fresh peaches in summer. Peaches in summer are blushing, dripping with juice, plump, and perfectly ripe. You can use them for eating fresh, grilling, and baking.
Different variety of peaches is different in colour, size, and shape. Some are best for grilling, and some are better for baking.
1. Yellow peach
The flesh colour of peaches is mainly white and yellow. But the peach with yellow colour is common and widespread. It comes in orangish-yellow to light-yellow colour flesh with red colour outer skin. Yellow peaches are summery and juicy as compared to white ones.
The flesh of yellow peaches has a sweet, balanced, sweet flavour with light acidity. If you go peach shopping, then sniff it. If it smells peachy, then go for it. It would be best if you also chose heavy peaches in small sizes.
2. White peach
White peach comes from peach trees in Asia. It has the same smell and flavour as a yellow peach. It is low in acidity and slightly sweeter than yellow peach. Its flesh is pale yellow, and its pale pink hue is the colour of its outside.
Compared to yellow peach fruits, white ons are softer. When you bake them, they can’t hold up like yellow peaches. So it would be best if you grilled them for more flavour or can eat them in raw form.
3. Donut peach
Donut peaches are a variety of heirlooms and have gained popularity nowadays. They resemble doughnuts and have a saucer and flat shape. They have easy handling, flat shape, sweet taste, and white flesh. It isn’t easy to find variety in supermarkets. You have to go to the local farmers for Donut peaches.
Nectarines are different from other varieties. Their fuzz-free skin and smoothness make them different from other peach varieties. This type of peach is freestone or clingstone and may have white or yellow flesh. It tastes sweet, almost like honey. It has an apple-like texture. You can eat it as salad, grilled, baked, or raw.
Some other peach fruits are – Babcock peach, Early Amber, Arctic Supreme, Elberta, and Belle of Georgia.
Nutritional value of peach
A medium-sized raw peach ( 147 grams ) contains –
|6% of the DV
|15% of the DV
|7% of the DV
|5% of the DV
|4% of the DV
It also contains more than 2% of vitamin K, vitamin E, phosphorous, magnesium, choline, iron, zinc, folate, and copper.
Health benefits of peach Fruit
1. Contains a high amount of antioxidants and nutrients
Peach has many minerals, vitamins, and beneficial plant compounds. It contains little phosphorous, vitamin B, magnesium, and iron. Peach is full of beneficial plant compounds which is an antioxidants. It helps to protect the human body from diseases and ageing and recover oxidative damage. It would be best if you ate ripe and fresh peaches to get more antioxidants.
If you prefer canned peach, go for unpeeled peach because it contains the same amount of minerals and vitamins as fresh ones. But fresh is more effective.
2. Helps in digestion
It helps in digestion. You can get 2 grams of fibre from a medium peach. The fibre contains the same amount of soluble and insoluble fibres.
Insoluble fibre helps your food to move through the gut, adds bulk to the stool, and reduces constipation. Beneficial bacteria can get their food in the intestines with the help of soluble fibres. Through this process, the gut cells can get food like butyrate, propionate, and acetate, known as short-chain fatty acids. Those bacteria produce these.
Fatty acids help reduce digestion disorders ( ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and IBS – irritable bowel syndrome ) and inflammation.
3. Leads towards good heart health
Consuming fruits like peaches can improve heart health. It can help reduce high blood pressure, heart diseases, and cholesterol levels, triglyceride levels.
4. Works as skin protector
The protective effects of peach can help the skin to keep itself healthy. It enables the skin to retain moisture and improve its texture. To protect your skin from Ultra Violate ray damage, you can make a paste of its flesh or flowers and then apply it directly on your face. The extract of peach flowers can reduce skin tumour development in mice.
5. Protect from various cancers
Consuming fruits on a daily basis can protect you from multiple cancers flesh and skin of peach fruit contain high caffeic acid and carotenoids. These are antioxidants and work as properties of anticancer.
The peaches’ seeds contain a compound that helps slow down cancerous skin tumour growth and stop them from becoming dangerous. Peach has an antioxidant known as polyphenol, which helps to reduce the speed of cancer-spreading cells.
6. Decrease allergy symptoms
Your body releases chemicals or histamines that occur by the immune system when any allergy catches it. The histamine or chemical can help to reduce the symptoms of allergy. It can trigger itching, sneezing, or coughing, which are allergy symptoms. Histamine is an important defence system of the human body.
Consuming peach may help to produce histamine and it can prevent allergy. The extract of peach helps to reduce inflammation.
7. Boosts immunity power
Peach is a fruit with high antioxidants and nutrients that help boost immunity. It can also fight against different kinds of harmful bacteria.
8. Protects from some toxins
As per a study, you can give the extracts of peach to smokers. It can help to remove the nicotine content of the body due to smoking through the urine.
9. Decreases the level of blood sugar
Peach fruit may help reduce insulin resistance and blood sugar with the help of some compounds.
10. Easy to add to the diet and widely available
You can add peach to your diet easily, and its availability is also easy. You can eat it in baked, raw, sauteed, or boiled form. You can easily incorporate peaches into cold or warm dishes as well.
Fresh peach is an excellent source of nutrients, and you can consume it as a nutrient-rich snack. You can eat it with nuts or yoghurt, and you can also eat it on its own.
11. Helps in healing
Don’t judge a peach by its delicate outer skin or small size. You can get 11% of vitamin C which your body needs daily, from a medium-sized peach. It helps to keep your immunity power strong and heal wounds. Vitamin C reduces the chemicals ( free radicals ) which can cause cell damage and cancer.
12. Improves eyesight
Peaches can get their orangish-golden colour with the help of beta-carotene, an antioxidant. After consuming peach, it becomes vitamin A. As you know vitamin A is responsible for good vision.
Availability and popularity of peach fruit in Tamil telling areas ( Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh )
The temperate climate is suitable for peach cultivation. For ripening and developing good colour, peach needs high temperature in summer and low temperature in winter. You can grow some sub-tropical types of peaches in Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. Some grow well in Jammu and Kashmir which are temperate areas. A limited amount of peaches are harvested in the Southern hill stations. Many sellers, suppliers, and dealers provide fresh peaches to the South Indian Areas. So there is no deficiency of Peach fruit there.
A village in Kerala known as Kanthalloor is famous for the availability of fruits like strawberries, peaches, plums, gooseberry, apple, and orange.
Cost of peach fruit in Tamil areas
The cost of peaches variesaccording to their variety, quality, and availability. You can buy 1 kg of peach by paying approximately Rs 400 to Rs 700 or more. If you buy from online stores, then you may save some money. You can buy fresh peaches from local gardens. They can provide peach at Rs 450 per kg.
Famous Recipes of peach fruit in Tamil areas
Peach is mainly used to prepare desserts. You can eat peaches by slicing them and adding a little lemon juice. You can grill, boil, or bake them according to your choice. You can add it to salads or chickpea curry to enhance its taste. You can also prepare salsa or a smoothie from peach. Some famous recipes from peach are –
Peach-plum Galette, grilled peach with vanilla topping, baked peach with maple syrup, fresh peach crumb bar, roasted peach, peach bourbon upside, etc.
Some photos of peach fruit
Peach provides an eye-catching amount of plant compounds, minerals, and vitamins. It offers enormous health benefits and can easily incorporate with so many dishes. Although it is expensive compared to other Indian fruits, Its availability and good content make it famous worldwide.
Hope you got all the detailed informations about peach fruit, like – Tamil name of peach, peach fruit benefits, its cost, availability, nutritional value, and many more.
Frequently asked questions
How to select fresh peaches?
It is somewhere challenging to choose fresh and good peaches. Because they have a wide variety, some are yellow, some are white, and some are in different shapes and sizes. Yellow peaches are more tart, and white ones are sweeter.
You have to smell them. If they smell sweet, they are well-ripened. It would be best if you avoided wrinkled, bruised, and brownish peaches. These are the symbols of overripe and damaged peach.
It would be best if you bought slightly soft or hard peach. If you press the peaches and they barely give, then they are fresh ones.
How to store peach fruit?
After picking peaches, they continuously ripen. You have to put them openly if they are too firm for three to four days. To avoid over-ripening your peaches, keep them in the refrigerator. You can also freeze the ripe peaches by coating them with lemon juice. In this way, they don’t turn brownish.
If you want to buy frozen peaches, go for those packed in water and avoid the frozen peach filled with syrup or any added sugar.
Which is the best time to harvest peaches in India?
The best season to harvest peaches in India is April to May. in these peak months, you can harvest the crops peaches. The hard flesh and good colour indicate that your peaches are ready to pick.
What are the different types of peaches available?
There are so widely different varieties of peaches available. Babcock, Donut peach, Early Amber, Arctic Supreme, Elberta, Belle of Georgia, Nectarines, and go on.
What are the main three categories of peach?
Peach contains high sugar and low acidity. These characteristics make peaches so versatile. You can use it in jam, cobblers, and pies. The three main categories of peaches are –
Clingstone – the name refers to the clingstone peach flesh, and the centre stone of the fruit hold each other tightly. These are the best-canned peaches. These are juicer and sweeter, which makes the desert tastier. Clingstones have red dots near the centre stone and bright yellow-coloured flesh.
Freesone – you can easily separate the flesh and centre stone of the freestone peaches. This factor makes them best for snacking and baking. Freestone peaches have firm flesh. It is a common variety of peach because of its complete harvesting.
Semi-freestone – it is the hybrid variety of freestone peach and clingstone peach. It is known as semi-freestone or semi-clingstone peach. The flesh and centre stone are attached partially to each other. You can use this variety in so many different dishes.