You can see an avocado tree in medium size generally. This evergreen tree comes under the Laurel family. Avocado is America’s native tree, and the Mesoamerican tribe domesticated it for the first time approximately 5000 years ago.
The growth of Avocado needs a warm climate. It is also known as butter fruit or alligator pear because of its large size and oily nature. It is a type of berry that is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids. It provides plenty of health benefits.
Avocado is considered a fruit or berry because it grows on a tree, has single and large seeds, and has fleshy pulp. You can cultivate Avocado generally in subtropical, tropical, and equatorial areas.
From the below article, you can collect many facts about Avocado, like – Avocado in Tamil, their health benefits of Avocado, their nutritional value, cost, local popularity, cost, and many more.
|Avocado or butterfruit
Avocado in Tamil name
The Tamil name of the Avocado is Vennai Pazham. Tamil Nadu produces a considerable quantity of Avocado every year. Because of its smooth flavour and creamy texture, Avocado is so prevalent in almost every region of India, including all Tamil-telling areas like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, and Karnataka. Its telugu name is Venna Pandu.
It is known as Vennapazham or Muttapazham in Malayalam. Avocado is the most famous name in hose to the house in India. But it would help if you used the local language according to the place for easy understanding.
Health benefits of Avocado
You can find such wide varieties of Avocado all over the world. Different category of Avocado provides different health benefits. Some of them are –
1. Manage diabetes
Avocado is beneficial for diabetic people. The fruit consists of carbohydrates, but it is almost zero glycemic index rating not harmful. It put a less effect on the level of blood sugar. A scale that ranges from 1 to 100, which shows the faster blood sugar level due to food, is known as the glycemic index.
When diabetic patients want to replace their high glycemic food, Avocado will be the healthier choice for them. For type-2 diabetic patients, avocado consumption can control the glycemic index.
2. Reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases
In some people’s cases, Avocado consumption can improve cholesterol levels. A high HDL cholesterol is beneficial to low cardiovascular disease risk, which is present in Avocado in huge quantities.
3. Helps to prevent cancer (extract of seed)
Compared to the flesh of Avocado, its seed contains high sterol compounds. As per a study, sterol compound works as a cancer protector. But it is not clear in any study that it is safe to consume avocado seed. So any doctors or avocado growers or dietician doesn’t recommend eating seeds.
4. Low risk of metabolic syndrome
According to the research of NHANES ( National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ), the consumption of Avocado is related to a low risk of metabolic syndrome. The quality of the overall diet also becomes better by intaking the fruit.
5. Promotes weight loss
Avocado’s savoury taste and creamy texture, which comes from healthy fat, helps to feel full for a long time. This reason helps you to avoid overeating and lose weight. Food full of fibre, including Avocado, helps to promote food satisfaction. Intaking Avocado is associated with Lower BMI ( body mass index ), lower body weight, and reduced waist circumference.
Types of Avocado
More than 100 types of Avocado are present all over the world, but you can find only a few types at your locality’s grocery shop. Many of those are hybrids and can be traced to west Indian origin or Mexican and Guatemalan.
You can categorize the fruits according to type A or B cultivars. The difference depends on the behaviour of pollination and opening times of the avocado flowers. Dichogamy is a process in which Avocado pollinate themselves.
In the morning, a type-A avocado flower blooms as a male and a type-B flower sheds. In the afternoon, type-A flowers shed pollen as male and type-B flowers get the pollen. The receiving pollen and bloom time of both type-A and type-B avocado flowers is opposite.
Some Avocado varieties have the same features with different colours, sizes, shapes, flavours, and peak growing seasons. From a lot of varieties, here is a discussion about some types.
1. Maluma avocado
In 1990, Maluma avocado was discovered in South Africa, and its colour is dark purple. The trees of Maluma have a lot of fruits, but their growth is prolonged.
2. Gwen avocado
In appearance and taste, Hass avocado and Gwen are very similar. Its skin is easy to remove. Gwen is a large Guatemalan variety with a dark-green and thick skin.
3. Pinkerton avocado
The Pinkerton avocado has easy-to-peel skin, which is rough and oblong, and a tiny seed is in the centre of its creamy flesh. 225 to 680 grams is the average weight of this type.
4. Reed avocado
You can find reed avocado only in the months of summer. Its size is all most equal to a softball. It has a subtle flavour and lighter colour. The outer skin of other Avocado becomes different in their ripening stage, but reed avocado maintains their green colour.
5. Hass avocado
It is one of the famous avocado varieties. It has a nutty flavour and buttery flesh. Its shape is spherical. It is available in all seasons. In its ripening stage, its skin colour turns dark blackish-purple from a bold green colour.
6. Lula avocado
Summer season is the peak timing of the Lula avocado growth. As compared to other varieties, its flesh contains more water. It also contains some natural oils. It is easily attacked by fungi but has very much cold resistance. Four hundred fifty grams is its approximate weight.
7. Choquette avocado
Its flesh is watery, skin is glossy and smooth. Water content comes out from it when you cut it. South Florida is its origin.
Type – B cultivars
1. Monroe avocado
A large-size Monroe avocado can weigh up to 190 grams. This variety is substantial, and it contains less water content.
2. Bacon Avocado
Bacon avocado has a light brown skin that you can peel easily. It tastes lighter as compared to other avocado varieties.
3. Cleopatra avocado
In the market of consumers, Cleopatra avocado is relatively new. It is a small variety of Avocado.
4. Fuerte avocado
You can find this type of Avocado in eight months in a year. Its shape is similar to a pear. In Spanish, Fuerte means strong. Like hazelnut, the texture of its flesh is oily.
5. Brogden avocado
It is the popular variety of Mexico and West India. This hybrid variety is available in dark-purple colours. The popular commercial variety is challenging to peel. B Brogden has a cold resistance capacity.
6. Zutano avocado
The flesh of Zutano Avocado is covered with a green-yellow skin that is lighter in colour. Compared to others, its flesh’s flavour has a mild taste. This buttery flesh variety of Avocado can grow from 225 grams to 450 grams.
7. Ettinger avocado
The most common Ettinger avocado-grown area is Israel. Its skin is bright green. It has a mild flavour and contains a large seed.
8. Sharwil Avocado
The peel of Sharwil is green but rough. This Australian Avocado has yellow flesh. Its flavour is bold, and the flesh is oily, which is suitable for frosting.
Nutritional value of Avocado
Avocado is an excellent nutritional source of vitamin C, magnesium, vitamin K, vitamin E, and potassium. A 100 grams of Avocado provides –
200 grams of avocado provides –
|% of the DV
|12% of the DV
|42% of the DV
|21% of the DV
|14% of the DV
|41% of the DV
|30% of the DV
|56% of the DV
|22% of the DV
|20% of the DV
|22% of the DV
|28% of the DV
|35% of the DV
Fibre in Avocado is the primary source of most fruits’ carbohydrates. By consuming a whole avocado, you can get 13.4 grams of fibre and 17 grams of carbohydrates. Less than 1 gram of sugar is present in Avocado, and the other carbohydrate in Avocado come from starch. Zero is the value of the glycemic index of an avocado. So the fruit is considered a low-glycemic fruit.
You can get polyunsaturated, monounsaturated, saturated, and fat from a whole avocado in the amount of 3.6 grams, 20 grams, 4.2 grams, and 30 grams, respectively. The fat present in Avocado provides the most amount of calories. Most of them are in a monounsaturated fat form which is healthier.
Avocado is generally not a fruit that provides too much protein, but you can get approximately 2 grams of protein from a small size of Avocado. You can still fulfil your protein intake by consuming a sufficient amount of Avocado.
Minerals and vitamins
you can get a sufficient amount of vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin K from an average size of the whole Avocado. If you are not an avocado lover and eat its few slices, it can’t provide the required quantity of minerals and vitamins because of the small serving size.
Avocado is a good source of riboflavin, pantothenic acid, folate, and niacin. The minerals of Avocado contain magnesium, potassium, manganese, and copper.
According to the size of an avocado, its number of calories depends. The above nutritional value is based on a half avocado in medium size. But it can grow larger by about 300 grams. As per a study by USDA Nutrient Database, from 200 grams of Avocado, you can get 322 calories. If you consume a small amount or a thin layer of Avocado, it is considered 30 grams of Avocado roughly.
Availability and popularity of Avocado in Tamil areas
Avocado is not considered a commercial or profitable fruit in India. At the beginning of the 20th century, Avocado came to India from Sri Lanka. In a patchy manner and small scale, this fruit is grown in some south indian states like Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, some South central India, and also in Maharastra, the state of eastern Himalaya. The production of Avocado in South India is minimal. The only state in the north which produces Avocado is Sikkim.
In the international market, Avocado is very popular. But there is considerable demand among Indian people, including South Indians. You can see rapid growth in the avocado export market in India nowadays.
Cost of Avocado in Tamil areas
Avocado is expensive, like other exotic fruits. You can get 1 kg of Avocado by spending around Rs 250 to Rs 400 approximately. You can also buy it for less than 200 in some places in India. Because of its less availability, less production in India but high demand, and less supply, this buttery fruit is expensive.
Popular recipes of Avocado in Tamil areas
Indian people generally love to eat Avocado in its raw form. You can slice them and serve them with cheese, fruits, or nuts. You can also make a delicious bowl of fruits, including Avocado and sprinkle chilli powder, lime, and salt. A topping of Avocado on ice cream is very delicious to eat. Some Indian recipes using Avocado are – avocado Hami kababs, Indian vegetarian Avocado, avocado sandwiches, avocado chapati, avocado smoothie, avocado dip, and many more.
Some photos of avocado
Avocado is a healthy fruit that you can add to your diet. It contains minerals, vitamins, and healthy fat. So many health benefits make this expensive fruit reasonable.
Hope you got all the information about Avocado, like – Avocado in Tamil, the health benefits of Avocado, their cost, availability, popularity, the nutritional value of Avocado, and many more.
Frequently asked questions
What are the health benefits of eating Avocado?
There are so many health benefits you can gain from different varieties of Avocado. Some of those are –
1. It is high in nutritional value
2. Goof for heart
3. Improves vision
4. Prevents cancer and osteoporosis
5. Supports fetal health
6. Prevents depression risks
7. Works as a natural detoxification
8. Protects from chronic diseases
What are the types of Avocado?
There are more than 100 types of Avocado available in the market. You can categorize Avocado into two types – type-A and type B.
Type-A – A avocado includes –
Type – B avocado includes –
How to identify a ripe avocado?
To know an avocado’s ripeness, you must consider both feel and colour. It would be best if you always chose a darker colour avocado with consistent colour. It is the colour testing. You have to take an avocado and squeeze it for the feel test. If it slightly yields, then it is ready to eat.
How to store Avocado for a long time?
You have to store the whole Avocado, not in cutting form. To keep avocado fresh for at least 2 to 3 days, you canstore in the refrigirator. To avoid the brownness of cutting Avocado, you should add lime.
To ripen an avocado from the unripe stage, you must put it in a brown paper bag for 2 to 3 days with a banana or an apple.